Luxembourg Development Cooperation has been active in South-Eastern Europe since the end of the Kosovo conflict in 1999 – a conflict that displaced unprecedented numbers of people within days, triggering one of the gravest humanitarian crises on the European continent in recent times. As a response, an office of the Luxembourgish Development Cooperation was established in Pristina in October 1999, dealing at first mainly with returning refugees and emergency aid, and doing its share to contribute to a vast international reconstruction and rehabilitation effort.
The neighbouring countries, while not directly touched by the destruction of the war, had nevertheless felt some of its consequences: displaced populations had created refugee problems, and the poverty and economic decline in the wake of the dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the ensuing Balkans wars had hit particularly hard some regions in North-East Montenegro and in South-West Serbia. Thus Luxembourg support was extended to the wider region. Luxembourg ODA also rapidly shifted from emergency aid to development cooperation.
LuxDev – Luxembourg Development Cooperation Agency - provides technical expertise on the ground. LuxDev has naturally been the foremost channel for the delivery of Luxembourg development aid in this region. The consolidation, in 2008, of the LuxDev Country Office, based in Pristina, Kosovo, has been of considerable importance, as an operational reflection of this commitment.
Bilateral support through LuxDev focuses on the sectors of health, vocational training and water in Kosovo.